The battery pack is responsible for powering EVs and delivering range. For this reason, it is important to understand the specifics of an EVs battery pack before settling on your preferred model.
Keep reading to find out how many batteries are in a Tesla and how the battery pack of Teslas affects range and performance.
Types of Batteries Used by Tesla EVs
Like most electric cars, all Teslas come with two batteries: a small-sized 12 Volt battery and a larger lithium-ion battery.
The 12-volt battery powers small motors and accessories such as wiper motors, power window motors, interior lights, washer fluid pumps, navigation systems, door locking systems, and alarm systems.
On the other hand, the main battery, which also has a higher voltage, powers the electric motor and is responsible for the running of the car.
It’s worth bearing in mind that the main battery typically varies in size depending on the Tesla model. For instance, larger Tesla models require larger batteries compared to smaller models to effectively pull the weight of the vehicle.
The main battery of a Tesla also comprises thousands of cells. However, the exact number of cells present in each battery also depends on the model of the car.
Tesla Battery Sizes
Here is an overview of the battery types and sizes available for each Tesla model.
Tesla Model 3 Battery
The Tesla Model 3 is the most popular model and also the most affordable in the lineup. In addition to its 12-volt battery, the Tesla Model 3 comes with a main battery whose size ranges from 50 kWh to 82 kWh.
All Model 3 Teslas use a 2170 lithium-ion battery with a varying number of cells depending on the trim. The 50 kWh battery pack of the Standard Range, for instance, has a total of 2976 cells. This battery delivers a range of about 270 miles at full charge.
On the other hand, Long Range and Performance models are powered by an 82 kWh battery with a total of 4416 cells. This configuration delivers a range of up to 358 miles on a single charge.
Tesla Model S Battery
The Tesla Model S has a stylish interior and comes with plenty of tech features to provide an excellent driving experience. It also holds the distinction of having the longest range in the entire Tesla fleet.
Like its counterparts in the Tesla lineup, the Model S comes with a 12-volt lead-acid battery as well as a 18650 Lithium-ion battery, which is available in different sizes ranging from the base-level 60 kWh to the much bigger 100 kWh.
Given its larger build compared to the Model 3, the Model S requires a large battery to pull its weight without compromising on performance and range. As such, the main battery has a considerably higher number of Lithium-ion cells compared to the Model 3.
For instance, the 100 kWh battery of the Model S Plaid contains 7920 cells. This gives it an impressive range of up to 405 miles on a single charge.
Tesla Model X Battery
The upscale Model X Tesla is a family-sized SUV that offers an excellent driving experience on sloppy and uneven terrain courtesy of its all-wheel-drive configuration.
Due to these heavy demands, the Model X requires a sizeable battery to ensure optimal performance without sacrificing range.
The Ev comes with a 18650, 100 kWh lithium-ion battery pack, which can deliver an impressive range of up to 348 miles on a single charge.
The Model X Tesla’s battery is also one of the most durable in the market. As such, it is ideal for EV enthusiasts looking for something dependable and long-lasting.
Tesla Model Y Battery
The Tesla Model Y comes with a sizeable 75 kWh battery pack that gives it a range of about 330 miles on a single charge.
It is worth noting that unlike the Model X and Model S which use 18650 Lithium-ion batteries, the Model Y uses a 4680 Lithium-ion battery.
The large-sized battery on the Model Y allows it to store enough charge to pull the weight of this SUV.
A Final Word: Which Battery Is Ideal for Your Tesla?
Like other electric cars in the market, Teslas come in two batteries, with the main battery varying in size and type depending on the model and trim of the car.
So, if you are considering getting on the Tesla bandwagon, it is critical to think about the battery of the car you intend to buy since the type and size of the battery have a huge bearing on range and performance.